The works of Emile Durkheim, W.D. Halls, and Lewis Coser are significant in the field of sociology and social theory.
- Emile Durkheim:
- “The Division of Labour in Society”: This is one of Durkheim’s seminal works published in 1893. In this book, he examines the nature of social solidarity and the division of labor within societies. He discusses the differences between mechanical and organic solidarity and how they relate to the type of division of labor present in a society.
- W.D. Halls:
- There isn’t a prominent figure named W.D. Halls in the field of sociology or social theory. It’s possible that the reference might be to another author or a lesser-known figure.
- Lewis Coser:
- “The Functions of Social Conflict”: Lewis Coser was a sociologist known for his work on social conflict. His book, published in 1956, delves into the positive functions of social conflict within societies. He explores how conflict can serve as a mechanism for social change and cohesion.
- Contemporary Social Theory:
- Refers to the ongoing development and study of social theories in more recent times, building upon the foundational works of sociologists like Durkheim and Coser. It encompasses various perspectives and approaches in understanding and analyzing society and its dynamics.
- This notation might refer to a specific edition or publication related to contemporary social theory. The year 1984 could indicate a significant publication date or edition related to this field.
These scholars’ contributions have had a lasting impact on sociological thought, especially concerning social order, conflict, and the organization of societies.
The Division of Labour in Society by Emile Durkheim, which is one of the foundational texts of sociology and a classic work of social theory. This book was first published in French in 1893, and was translated into English by W.D. Halls in 1984, with an introduction by Lewis Coser1. The book is part of the Contemporary Social Theory series, which features the works of influential thinkers such as Max Weber, Karl Marx, Georg Simmel, and others2.
The book explores the origins, development, and consequences of the division of labor in human societies, from primitive to modern times. Durkheim argues that the division of labor is not only a source of economic efficiency, but also a basis for social solidarity and moral order. He distinguishes between two types of solidarity: mechanical and organic. Mechanical solidarity is based on the similarity and homogeneity of individuals, who share common beliefs, values, and norms. Organic solidarity is based on the interdependence and differentiation of individuals, who perform specialized and complementary roles in a complex system. Durkheim shows how the transition from mechanical to organic solidarity is accompanied by changes in law, religion, education, family, and morality1.
The book is widely regarded as a masterpiece of sociological analysis and a landmark in the history of social thought. It has influenced many scholars and disciplines, such as anthropology, psychology, economics, political science, and philosophy. It has also inspired debates and critiques on topics such as social integration, anomie, collective conscience, social facts, functionalism, and structuralism3.
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