SOCIAL PROCESSES: ASSOCIATIVE AND DISSOCIATIVE
Meaning of Social Process
Society is a system of social relations. Social relationships may be studied by the kind or mode of interaction they exhibit. These kinds or modes of interaction are called social processes. Social processes are the fundamental ways in which men interact and establish relationships.
Definition of Social Processes
- According to MacIver, “social process is the manner in which the relations of the members of a group,once brought together, acquire a distinctive character”.
- According to Horton and Hunt opines “the term social process refers to the “repetitive forms of behaviour whichare commonly found in social life.”
TYPES OF SOCIAL PROCESSES
The major types of social processes are given below with a diagram under two broad headings.
- Associative process: Cooperation, Accommodation, and assimilation
- Dissociative process: Competition, Conflict
A. ASSOCIATIVE PROCESS
Associative processes are also called integrative or conjunctive social processes, which are essential for the integration and progress of society.